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Pineapples, oranges, passion fruit, you name it. A fruit juice process begins with selecting and cleaning the raw material of your choice and goes through steps like extraction and a filtration machine until it reaches market shelves in bottles. Juice processing equipment varies according to the amount of water in the fruit.

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Starting your fruit juice production process: cleaning and extraction

The first procedure is to wash the fruits. To do this, you can choose from options like a surfing washing machine, which tumbles and clean fruits with high-press water pumps; a brushing and spraying cleaning machine, in which both processes happen at the same time; or a fruit bubble washing machine, where you drown the fruits in water and soap.

After cleaning, you need to extract the juice from the fruit. Extraction highly depends on the kind of fruit you choose, and some fruits need preparation before juice extraction. Fruits with more water content usually go through a presser line, which can conduct cold, hot and freeze pressing depending on the raw material’s temperature. Dryer fruits go through solvent extraction, where you put the juice from fruits cells in a hot water extract. Extraction can also happen with centrifuge equipment. In this case, the centrifugal force from the machine separates the juice from the flesh. Another way to extract juice is to put the fruits under enzymatic treatment. This is more common in processing plants.

Filtration, clarification and mixing of fruit juices

If you are making clear juice, after clarifying it to remove pectin and other carbohydrates, you need a filtration equipment system to continue the production and remove solids. In case you are producing cloudy juice, the next steps may also be filtration or centrifugation, so insoluble particles can be left out. Concentrated juices go through evaporation to remove water; they need to be reconstituted afterward to regain the flavors lost in the process.

Fruit juice manufacturing methods can differ greatly depending on the type of juice you are making. And also, the type of machine that is being used. Whether it is for reconstitution of fruit concentrate or to mix other ingredients and reach a homogenized texture, juice mixing tanks can help reach an even mixture with the right dose of ingredients.

Finishing fruit juice production: pasteurization, bottling and packing

After mixing, but before filling the bottles, you need to pasteurize your fruit juice. This kills microorganisms and deactivates enzymes that can make your juice more turbid than you want it to be. Pasteurization also provides more safety for fruit juice consumption and extends its expiration date. It can also improve the quality of the end product.

A filling system machine will bottle and cap your fruit juice. Using equipment like this requires low human control. You can regulate the amount of liquid in the bottle and the speed of filling, to avoid wasting juice. The last steps are labeling and packing your fruit juice. This is generally a separate manufacturing line in a processing plant. And will require special labeling and packing equipment.

Processing steps involved in fruit-juice making

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