Shampoo Making Equipment and Production
Shampoo is a unique form of cleaning agent composed primarily of water and some form of surfactant. This surfactant provides the ability to bind oily substances for removal without leaving a residue, as traditional soaps might. The production process involves the batch mixing of its laboratory-defined formula, quality control, and filling stages.
Which shampoo equipment do you need?
End of line system for bottling plants
Volumetric fillers for viscous liquids
Automatic palletizer with 90 degrees infeed
High-end empty bottle inspection system
Residual liquid inspection system
High-frequency fill level controller
X-ray fill level controller
High-precision X-ray fill level controller
Dispersing machine for emulsions and suspensions
Economic dispersing machine for emulsions and suspensions
Dispersing machine for very fine emulsions and suspensions
Ultra-fine dispersing machine for emulsions and suspensions
Cone mill machine
Corundum disk mill
Batch dispersing machine
Batch dispersing machine for abrasive products
Batch dispersing machine for bottom entry into vessels
GMP homogenizing system
Small-scale laboratory dispersing machine
Compact shrink sleeve applicator
Electric shrink tunnel solution
Shrink sleeve applicator - 400 per minute
Compact monoblock filler
In-line monoblock linear filler & capper
Servo controlled filler
Single head capper
Self-adhesive linear labeling machine for bottles
Cosmetic cream filler
Shrink sleeve labeling machine
Steam tunnel for shrink sleeve labels
Hot air tunnel for shrink sleeve labels
Bottle filling and capping monobloc
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Finding your perfect shampoo making formula
Apart from water and a primary surfactant, typically forms of lauryl sulfate, many other ingredients may be added to the shampoo making formula to provide additional desirable properties for scalp and hair care. Secondary surfactants, typically alkanolamides, may serve as foaming agents. Thickeners improve viscosity, conditioners offset the harshness of detergent surfactants, and preservatives ensure the longevity of the product. Finally, modifiers may adjust pH and opacity, and special additives as well as essential oils may be added for color, fragrance, or other distinguishing qualities.
Considerations of shampoo production equipment
Once you have isolated your desired shampoo recipes, stability testing should be performed to ensure the final product undergoes minimal changes after bottling. You will typically look for physical changes in the color, odor, and texture of your shampoo. This is followed by batch production of the shampoo recipe in large tanks for thorough mixing. To do this, you may simply add ingredients to the tank where temperature and mixing speed may be modulated through computerized shampoo production and processing equipment to facilitate their combination. Following a quality control check, the process concludes with the bottling and packaging of your final product.
Bottling your liquid shampoo efficiently
This final step is the most involved part of the production process. Following acceptable quality control, you then pump your shampoo mixture from the batch tank into a holding tank for bottling. You first feed bottles upright into a hopper where they then move along a conveyor belt to the filling carousel. Here, calibrated pistons distribute precise quantities of shampoo to each bottle. You will also need to place caps into a hopper and, once correctly aligned, they are twisted tight by a capping machine. The bottles then proceed to labeling, which may be heat pressed or use adhesive labels. Finally, the labeled bottles exit the conveyor system and are ready to be boxed up for distribution.
Approaching the process of shampoo bar production
With the growth of the zero-waste movement and consumer conscientiousness, shampoo bars have become an increasingly popular alternative to traditional liquid shampoos. This process differs from the production of liquid solutions in that dry ingredients are combined by mechanical mixing in a hot or cold process, and a long continuous bar is extruded from the mixture. This bar is then cut to individual sizes and may be further customized by stamping and shaping. The final packaging process uses fewer materials for a more environmentally friendly production.
Packing your shampoo bars in boxes
Significantly simpler than packaging liquid shampoo, at its core, packaging your shampoo bars involves meeting your conveyor of individual bars with your conveyor of the desired packaging. After cutting and stamping, your shampoo bars move along a conveyor where they are picked up by a rotary packing machine. A separate machine prepares the boxes from their flattened pre-cut state into the form that will house your shampoo bars. Finally, the rotary packing machine distributes a bar into each box, and the occupied boxes may be further packaged for bulk distribution.
Variables in shampoo formulation
With the great variety of intended purposes, your shampoo formula may be tailored to suit different use cases. Pet shampoo, for example, commonly includes chlorhexidine and castile soap to provide antibacterial properties. Baby shampoo on the other hand requires gentler ingredients and may forgo colorants and scents entirely. Identifying the defining features of your use case is essential to producing an effective formula. Furthermore, some shampoo products contain natural ingredients such as coconut, essential oils and ginger just to name a few. These essential oils and natural ingredients are not only used for their pleasant smell. But, they are added for personal care as each provides unique benefits. For example, ginger in shampoo reduces itchy scalp and decreases dandruff when lathering and massaging your hair. Coconut oil is also used to leave your hair feeling fresh not matter your hair type.