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Detergents are cleaning agents that help remove dirt and grease from porous and non-porous surfaces. Dirty substances are generally related to hydrophobic fatty materials that are insoluble in water. However, detergents are amphiphilic, meaning they contain both non-polar hydrophobic (water-hating) and polar hydrophilic (water-loving) ends. This dual nature allows the detergent to grab the oily-greasy dirt stains and wash them away.

What detergents equipment do you need?

Hand sanitizer capping machine

Bottled products such as hand sanitizers, shampoos, and liquid detergents, have different cap...

Three-layer dishwasher tablet press

Dishwasher detergent tablets come either in a single layer or multi-layer form. Multi-l...

Vertical cartoning machine for pasta

In the food industry, a large number of bulk products like for example pasta, need to ...

Inspection machine for canned beverages

Incorrectly filled beverage containers can bring damage to a manufacturer brand or ...

Self-adhesive linear labeling machine for bottles

It is vital to have precise and long-lasting labels on bottles to avoid...

Micro powder dosing system

Micro dosing of powders and small components can be a major obstruction in the production process...

Automatic Bottle Capping Machine

Traditional bottle capping systems are inflexible, limiting the scope of your packaging and...

Continuous high impact mixer

A high-impact mixer can help you to produce a homogeneous mixture when you are mixing powders a...

Conical screw vacuum dryer

The conical screw vacuum dryer is particularly suitable for the final drying of powders, granules...

Air knife drying system for containers

In food or beverage production where a product is filled into jars, there is often r...

Semi-Automatic Trigger Capping Machine

Trigger spray bottle are the ideal capping solution for many chemical and household ...

Liquid Detergent Filling Machine

Filling of liquid detergents requires specialised equipment because of the foaming nature o...

HFFS Machine for Large or Heavy Pouches

Traditional pouch-forming machines can struggle to maintain the position of the pac...

Air rinsing system for containers

Traditional water rinsing solutions for containers used in the food and pharmaceutical se...

Shrink sleeve applicator - 400 per minute

Flexible medium to high speed application of shrink sleeveing to containers is u...

High-speed unscrambler for large bottles

Large volume plastic bottling plants need high-speed unscramblers suitable for lar...

High-speed unscrambler for small bottles

Large-scale production of smaller volume bottled product needs a gentle, accurate ...

Low-speed unscrambler

Smaller plastic bottling lines need a lower cost, lower volume unscrambling machine that maintains gent...

Low speed can sleeve applicator

Flexible automatic low speed application of shrink sleeving to cans is used in various indus...

Low speed shrink sleeve applicator

A variety of industries require flexible addition of shrink sleeves to containers on the...

Shrink sleeve applicator - 600 per minute

Several industries require the flexible addition of shrink sleeves to containers...

Shrink sleeve applicator - 800 per minute

High speed, in-line shrink sleeving systems require dual head capability with hi...

Tamper-evident sleeve applicator for caps

Reliability, continuity and changeover time are key success factors for tamper-e...

Energy efficient tunnel for sleeve application

Hot air application of shrink sleeves is much more efficient than tradition...

Pelleting press with overhead drive

Production of certain pelletized products requires working with output products of a pa...

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Tell us about your production challenge

When selecting production equipment for a production plant, it is important to talk to someone with experience in your field. Our industry experts have experience with various industrial applications. We’d love to help you!
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As surfactants or a mixture of surfactants, detergents have the ability to decrease the surface tension of water. This function facilitates to the formation of dispersions, emulsions, suspensions. The most common detergent is soap, a sodium salt of fatty acids. In order to increase the solubility, modern detergents contain alkyl-benzene sulfonates. In fact, these compounds (polar sulfonate group) are more soluble in hard water than soap (polar carboxylate group). Polar sulfonate is less likely to bind to calcium and other ions of the hard water than polar carboxylate.

Detergent manufacturing process

Cleaning agents contain not only surfactants but several other ingredients, responsible for important characteristics. Water softeners for example are important for the removal of calcium and magnesium in hard water. Other ingredients just as important are rinsing aids to avoid stain on glassware, enzymes for protein-based dirt removal, and fine sand in dishwashing agents which is essential to remove hard deposits.

Detergent manufacturing involves mixing the raw materials in large tanks and the manufacturing process can be in batch as well as continuous. Raw materials are selected based on the form and properties of the desired end product. It is essential to mix all ingredients thoroughly, to ensure that the chemicals are evenly distributed in the detergent. Fillers, surfactants, disinfectant agents, and chemical agents are usually used as ingredients in the detergent manufacturing process. To give color, powdered pigments can be added. In hand soap production, for example, the addition of a preservative is critical to prevent the proliferation of bacteria if the soap is exposed to a substandard environment.

Wet granulation for dust-free washing powder production

Zeolites are ion-exchangers used a lot for softening water. When hard water passes through the zeolites, they exchange calcium and magnesium ions of hard water to sodium ions. The smaller the particle size (5-micron zeolite powder), the faster and more effective the hardness removal. However, working with such a fine powder involves high dust formation, so to cope with this problem is generally used granulation with surfactant liquid. For example, during wet granulation, beads of a 2 mm diameter average can be formed. After continuous fluid drying/cooling a product with excellent solubility is obtained, so the zeolites escape immediately from the granules to be available for its hardness-binding effect in the washing machine.

Purification of vegetable oil using a thin film evaporator

Before using pressed vegetable oil, it is necessary to purify it because it contains impurities that can cause fouling. One of the most commonly used purification methods is evaporation. The atmospheric boiling point of oils is quite high, so in order to avoid decomposition at high temperatures, vacuum distillation is used. Thin-film evaporators are ideal for materials with high boiling points and high viscosity, working at low temperatures. The material is fed from the top of the machine and flows down by gravity where there is a rotor. The centrifugal force evenly distributes the material over the heating surface, forming a thin circular turbulent ring. This creates good conditions for the evaporation of volatile components that are expelled to be condensed.

Packing your detergent products

When it comes to detergents, the packaging process depends on whether the detergent comes in liquid or powder form. For liquid detergents, a filling system pumps the liquid product into plastic bottles where a weighing device controls the correct filling level. After filling, a capping machine seals the bottles. For powder detergent, the packaging process begins by creating the bag or the pouch from a flat carton or laminated film. Then the selected container will be filled with powder detergent and sealed.

Detergent making videos

Detergent filling machine

Detergent capping machine

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