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Baking powder

Baking powder is perhaps the best-known secret of baking. The leavening agent forms bubbles in dough and batter to give muffins, cakes, and no-yeast pizza their tempting lift. First developed in the 19th century, baking powder production turned baking into the home activity we know today.

Which baking powder equipment do you need?

Intelligent Continuous Food Cartoner

Intelligent Continuous Food Cartoner

Fully automated robotic packing solutions enable larger-scale food producers to pack al…

Filling and weight checking machine for food cans

Filling and weight checking machine for food cans

Making sure the right quantity of product is in the packaging can be a p…

Hygienic floor scale with lifting device

Hygienic floor scale with lifting device

The food and pharmaceutical industries require maintaining high levels of sanitatio…

High-Speed Pouch Packaging Machine

High-Speed Pouch Packaging Machine

For large scale production of powders and liquids in a wide range of industry sectors, a …

Tumbler sieve for classifying and dedusting granular materials

Tumbler sieve for classifying and dedusting granular materials

For the classification of delicate granular material, scre…

High volume particles separation sieve

High volume particles separation sieve

For large scale production processes in the chemicals or food industries that require…

Multifrequency sieve for separation of difficult particles

Multifrequency sieve for separation of difficult particles

Separating particles in difficult-to-process materials for pro…

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Horizontal form, fill and seal machine for bags up to 10kg

Horizontal form, fill and seal machine for bags up to 10kg

Bagging small quantities of solids or liquids, whether in pape…

Vertical form, fill and seal machine for bags from 5 to 50 kg

Vertical form, fill and seal machine for bags from 5 to 50 kg

To securely create, dose and pack larger quantities of mate…

Packaging machine for preformed paper bags from 500 g to 5 kg.

Packaging machine for preformed paper bags from 500 g to 5 kg.

Paper bag filling and closing for larger quantities of mat…

Feeder with flexible wall hopper

Feeder with flexible wall hopper

The varying properties of dry powder products mean that specialized feeders are required for…

Open-mouth baggers for free flowing powders

Open-mouth baggers for free flowing powders

For bagging free flowing materials into open mouth bags, this system is ideal. …

Open-mouth bottom-up baggers

Open-mouth bottom-up baggers

Innovative bottom-up baggers for high-speed industrial packaging will help you create a dust-fre…

Open-mouth bagging carousel for flour

Open-mouth bagging carousel for flour

When you need a carousel for packing powdery bulk materials, the bagging carousel that…

Manual bagger with gross weigher

Manual bagger with gross weigher

This is a manual bagging set with an electronic gross weighing system to meet international …

Sodium-hydrocarbonate classifier mill

Sodium-hydrocarbonate classifier mill

This device is mainly employed for grinding sodium-hydrocarbonate used in flue-gas cle…

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Baking powder production begins with sodium bicarbonate

Baking powder is produced by combining a mild acid and a buffer with a base of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda).

Crystallized sodium bicarbonate starts as ammonia and carbon dioxide mixed through a saline solution in an absorption tower. The reaction with salt produces a compound of sodium bicarbonate and ammonium chloride. The result is centrifugated to filter out the sodium bicarbonate, which goes through heating and cooling to reach its crystalline form.

Add cornstarch to buffer sodium bicarbonate from acids

The buffer in the baking powder formula acts as an inert filler, adding bulk to the baking powder. But this additive does more than thicken the product.

It favors flowability by preventing mixture powders from binding together during processing. A buffer keeps the acids and bases separate during storage and stops them from reacting.  Thanks to its moisture-absorption ability, cornstarch is almost invariably used. Sodium bicarbonate, acid, and cornstarch are blended in mixing containers and combined into a homogeneous blend.

Industrial acid blends determine the reaction time of baking powder

There is a broad spectrum of acid leaveners to choose from, depending on the action the baking powder is designed for. The acids blended in the mixture are either slow-reacting or fast-reacting.

On the slow-reaction side, anhydrous monocalcium phosphate (AMCP) is a stable ingredient and releases about 15% of carbon dioxide at the mixing stage. Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCP) is even slower and only reacts with sodium bicarbonate when the temperature of the batter reaches 60°C.

A popular fast-reacting acid is monocalcium phosphate (MCP), letting off 60%-70% of carbon dioxide by the end of the mixing stage. This action produces batters with high viscosity and high volume.

Mix acids to produce a double reaction in baking powder

Most commercial baking powders contain acid types and are known as double-acting ingredients. A fast-reacting acid such as cream of tartar dissolves quickly and releases carbon dioxide as soon as it comes into contact with the recipe’. The second acid, a slow-reacting leavener, produces a second burst of CO2 when the batter hits the oven’s heat.

Processing steps involved in baking-powder making

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